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Top Programming Languages for Web Development in 2023

Python, Go, Ruby, Rust…

No, it is not a game of naming random things. As a web development agency, we would have simply imported the Random util class to do so.

So what are we doing?

We are utilising our expertise as the best web development agency in Ahmedabad to count out the most preferred web development language of 2023! And here they are:

  1. JavaScript
  2. Python
  3. PHP
  4. SQL
  5. Ruby
  6. Java
  7. TypeScript
  8. Go

The big question is: what makes these eight web development programming languages best to learn in 2023?

Worry not, Flora Fountain’s expert developers and content researchers have debugged it out for you:


All around the world wide web, JavaScript collects the most love (and hate) as a programming language, especially from every web development agency across the globe.

Launched in 1995, it continues to be the most popular language for web development due to its versatility, ease of use, and support from major web browsers.

Though it is famously known as a front-end programming language, it is used for back-end web development with frameworks like Express and Node.js. Additionally, its flexible syntax and compatibility with major browsers make it very popular.

It is these delightful features of JavaScript that make it desirable and trusted to use by brands like Google, YouTube, Facebook, Amazon and more.

On the downside, it does not allow multiple inheritance and different browsers may interpret the code differently.

If you are an expert in JavaScript coding, you could be working on mobile app development, game browser development or ecommerce web development with a web development agency.

Web development codes displayed on a laptop screen
Web development codes displayed on a laptop screen


Known for its simplicity, readability, and ease of use, Python ranks second in our list of the top web development languages of 2023.

This general-purpose and open-source programming language is popularly used by the best digital marketing agency for app-based platforms and hence is utilised by brands like Instagram, Spotify, Quora, Pinterest, etc.

Moreover, the exhaustive support modules provided by Python blended with its user-friendly data structures and easy web integrations, make it the most preferred language for beginners.

Furthermore, it is a dynamically typed language, meaning that the data type of a variable is determined at runtime. This allows for more flexibility in programming.

Python can be used for both front-end and back-end development and is often used with web frameworks like Django and Flask, but it may turn out to be slower than other languages and not suitable for high-performance applications.


Hailing from the 1990s, this open-source web-development language expands to mean Hypertext Preprocessor.

Mainly used as a server-side scripting language, it is used to develop dynamic web pages and web applications by every ecommerce web development company And when compared with other web development languages, it is much easier to learn and implement with its wide range of libraries and frameworks.

Suitable for rapid application development, it is used by platforms like MailChimp, Slack, Tumblr and Etsy. However, the biggest pitfall for PHP comes with the vulnerability of security, poor error handling, making it somewhat unsuitable for large applications, when used out of the box.

A snippet of PHP Coding Standards from WordPress Resources showing the correct and incorrect ways of Object Instantiation
A snippet of PHP Coding Standards from WordPress Resources showing the correct and incorrect ways of Object Instantiation


SQL or Structured Query Language is the preferred query language of the programming world.

Mostly preferred by those working on web platforms and even WordPress web development company working with relational databases, SQL was developed in the 1970s. As for beginners, SQL has a simple and intuitive syntax, making it easy to learn.

And for pro-level coders, it can perform a wide range of tasks, including creating and managing databases, querying data, and generating reports.

This versatility and the ability to perform complex operations on large datasets make SQL very likeable with tech giants like Microsoft, Dell, Accenture, Stack Overflow and more.

Backend programmers interested in developing apps that involve a great deal of data, social media analysis, digital libraries and payment processors must develop their skills in using SQL to work more efficiently with databases.


As a Shopify development agency, we admire Ruby in all its vibrancy!

A name common among beginners, Ruby, has travelled far and wide in popularity. This dynamic and object-oriented programming language has a concise syntax and is known for its flexibility.

With web frameworks such as Ruby on Rails, Ruby promoted the use of the MVC pattern and DRY principles. Alongside this, it also provided a wide range of libraries and frameworks.

Contrary to popular belief, Ruby is still on the list of web development languages of 2023.


From portability across platforms to advanced security features, Java has it all. That is why it remains the top most trusted language by all including even WordPress web development companies.

This class-based, object-oriented language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), has a wide range of libraries and frameworks, including Spring, Hibernate, Struts, and JSF.

Additionally, Java code can be easily ported from one platform to another, which makes it easy to develop software that can run on multiple platforms due to its WORA (write once, run anywhere) capabilities.

It also supports multithreading, which enables it to develop high-performance and concurrency applications by executing multiple threads simultaneously.

And its features like encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism can simplify code wiring for complex programs.

Google, Amazon, Twitter and YouTube are a few names that use Java.


TypeScript is a typed superset of JavaScript that is designed for large-scale applications. Developed by Microsoft, it enables typing from both ends: Client as well as server.

It is commonly used for front-end web development, server-side development using Node.js, and creating scalable and robust applications. It is effective in catching errors or systemic issues.

TypeScript is also used with popular front-end frameworks like Angular and React, but only if you are well-versed in JavaScript. Though its level of difficulty makes it less popular among rookie web development coders.

However, despite these loopholes, TypeScript is gaining mass popularity with every Shopify development agency, especially those working with large-scale programs.

Cheat code provided by the official TypeScript website


Introduced in 2007, Go focuses on APIs and web applications. Its ability to handle multicore and networked systems, and work flawlessly with massive codebases with its simplicity has made Go more popular among every web development company.

This compiled and statically typed programming language is also known for its speed and concurrency.

This makes it ideal for building scalable and high-performance software as one can easily write code that can run multiple tasks simultaneously.

Along with this, it also has cross-platform compatibility and built-in testing, but it falls short with limited libraries and frameworks. Uber, Twitch, Dropbox and SoundBox are some examples to name.

These were the top eight web development languages you must have on your radar.

Which Web Development Language to Learn in 2023?

Whether you are the best digital marketing agency known for its ecommerce web development or a freelance developer, with these eight coding languages in your command, you can make your 2023 fruitful.

But which among them to choose?

We have got you. Our experienced tech team shares their insight into which language you should opt for:

Note: The list includes languages beyond the top eight web development languages mentioned above.

  • Front-end web development:JavaScript, TypeScript, HTML/CSS
  • Back-end web development: Python, JavaScript, PHP
  • Mobile development:
    JavaScript (for cross-platform), Swift (for iOS), Kotlin (for Android
  • App development:
    Java, Swift
  • Game development:
    C++, C#, Java
  • Desktop applications:
    Java, C#, Python
  • Shopify development:
    Liquid (Shopify’s templating language), HTML/CSS, JavaScript
  • WordPress development:
    PHP, JavaScript
  • Systems programming:
    C/C++, Rust, Go
  • Ecommerce development:
    PHP, JavaScript, Python

To Code Up:

Web development is an ever-evolving field, and for 2023, developers need to stay updated with the most popular programming languages to remain competitive and relevant in the field.

There is a wide range of options available for web developers and web development agencies to choose from. For now, JavaScript, Python and PHP stand at the top three. But do remember to consider what kind of web development you are looking for.

For instance, PHP is the most suited web development language for WordPress development while for game development C++ or Java will work best.

So if you are a brand looking to develop your next website, get the A-team of developers from WDA by your side, the experts in these 8 languages. Reach out to us at